Preventing Damage to Your Collection and What to Do about Damaged Materials
Keep food away from materials; food attracts pests, and pests can damage any type of collection. Keep books away from animals; pets can eat or otherwise damage collections. Mark pages and archival folders and boxes with bookmarks or paper.
What to Do with Damaged Items
Natural or man-made disasters, such as water damage or mold outbreaks, can cause irreversible damage to books and other items; well-intentioned home repairs can also cause irreversible damage; seek the help of a professional conservator if you wish to repair a valuable item.
“Storage Methods and Handling Practices” by the British Library Preservation Advisory Centre, and “Preserving Your Family Treasures” by the Northeast Document Conservation Center.
Conservation and Conservators
Answers to frequently asked questions about conservation and conservators are available from the American Institute for Conservation and the Northeast Document Conservation Center, including “Hiring a Conservation Professional,” “Choosing and Working with a Conservator,” and “How Much Information Can I Bring to the Discussion?”
What counts as a damaged book?
If a book is returned to the library in a state that requires extensive repair OR is unable to be repaired and cannot be returned to circulation, it is considered “damaged.”
What could lead to books to be damaged in the library?
Wet or moldy books. Books with food stains, oily or sticky residue. Books with missing pages or covers. Books with pencil, ink, or highlight marker markings.
How do you not damage books?
According to a Museum, here’s how to keep your books in good shape.
- Avoid direct sunlight.
- Check the temperature.
- Think about air quality.
- Don’t pick up a book by the spine.
- Handle with gloves.
- Make a digital copy.
How do you repair a damaged book?
1: Place a piece of wax paper underneath the ripped page. 2: Paint the glue over the tear with your fine brush and a small amount of glue. 3: Place another piece of wax paper over the tear, and press the bone folder over the tear to ensure good contact and to remove any bubbles.
What do we usually say when something is broken or torn?
- Broken. adjective. a broken object has been damaged and is in two or more pieces.
- Battered. adjective. old and slightly damaged.
- Faulty. adjective. not working or made correctly.
- Fractured. adjective. broken, or cracked.
- Flawed. adjective.
How do you describe a condition in a book?
Good (G): Describes the average used worn book with all pages or leaves present. Any defects should be noted by the seller. Very Good (VG): Describes a book that shows some small signs of wear – but no tears – on either binding or paper. Any defects should be noted by the seller.
How do books get ruined?
To “ruin” a book means to make it impossible for it to fulfill the purpose for which it was created; in most cases, this means that the book has been rendered completely unreadable.
What are the causes of deterioration of library material?
External causes of deterioration include physical, chemical, and biological factors, as well as improper storage, unauthorized exposure, risky handling, theft, and natural disasters. Internal causes include poor quality of paper or materials, as well as the chemicals used in printing and binding.
Can sunlight damage books?
The sun, on the other hand, can cause irreversible damage to your skin u2014 and your books. It’s critical to protect your rare and collectible books from heat, humidity, and sunning. When books are exposed to light, chemical changes in paper, leather, and cloth occur, resulting in deterioration.
Should I cover my books with plastic?
Books need to breathe, and plastic can trap moisture, encouraging mold, warping, and pests, as well as reacting with the book. If you must store a book in a bag, try a paper bag or wrap the book in paper, tissue, or plain cloth.
Is it okay to stack books?
Place similar sized books next to each other and pack stacks of books with fore edges facing the sides of the box so that if the load shifts, the “spines against spines” configuration protects against damage.
How do you fix a book without a spine?
Broken Hinge Edition: How to Repair Book Binding
- Gather Supplies.
- Cut Your Binder Tape.
- Brush One Side of the Tape with Adhesive and Attach the Tape to the Text Block.
- Give the Adhesive Plenty of Time to Dry.
- Place Your Waxed Paper.
- Attach the Final Tab to the Cover.
How do you restore old books at home?
How to Restore an Old Book (with Pictures)
- Restore the book block.
- Replace the old cloth with a new one to strengthen the binding.
- If necessary, make new letters using a Ludlow machine for typesetting followed by a Kensol stamping press.