Blaise Pascal, who was born in Clermont-Ferrand, France, in 1623, invented the Pascaline, an early calculator, and with Pierre de Fermat, laid the foundations of probability theory in the 1650s. Pascal is also known for his body of notes, known as the Pensu00e9es, which were published posthumously.
Mystic Hexagram and Religious Conversion
Pascal validated Torricelli’s theory of barometrical variations in 1648, and he invented the roulette machine in 1655. He also reportedly invented a primitive form of the wristwatch.
Noted Literary Works
From 1656 to 1657, Pascal wrote a series of anonymous open letters known as Les Provinciales, in which he defended Antoine Arnauld and criticized Jesuit beliefs. Pascal’s inventions have aided advancements in the fields of geometry, physics, and computer science.
What did Blaise Pascal publish?
Pascal co-founded probability theory with Pierre de Fermat in the 1650s and published the theological work Les Provinciales, a groundbreaking series of letters defending his Jansenist faith; he is also well-known for his body of notes, known as the Pensu00e9es, which were published after his death.
What did Blaise Pascal study?
Blaise Pascal was a French philosopher, mathematician, scientist, inventor, and theologian who was an early pioneer in the fields of game theory and probability theory in mathematics, an early pioneer in existentialism in philosophy, and a defender of Christianity as a writer on theology and religion.
What is Pascal best known for?
Blaise Pascal was a highly influential French mathematician and philosopher who worked on conic sections and projective geometry, as well as laying the foundations for the theory of probability in correspondence with Fermat.
Did Blaise Pascal have a wife?
u00c9tienne Pascal moved to Paris with his children in 1631, five years after the death of his wife, and soon hired Louise Delfault, a maid who would become an important member of the family.
What is pascal’s equal to?
A pascal is a pressure of one newton per square metre, or one kilogram per metre per second squared in SI base units; however, this unit is inconveniently small for many applications, and the kilopascal (kPa) of 1,000 newtons per square metre is more commonly used.
What does Blaise mean in English?
1: unconcerned about pleasure or excitement as a result of excessive indulgence or enjoyment: world-weary a blasu00e9 traveler blasu00e9 about one’s hometown. 2: sophisticated, worldly-wise. 3: unconcerned about losing the match.
How did Blaise Pascal impact the world?
In mathematics, he is credited with developing Pascal’s triangle and probability theory, as well as inventing an early digital calculator and a roulette machine. In physics, Blaise is credited with discovering that vacuums are real and exist in the real world, which helped to advance the study of atmospheric pressure.
Who invented Pascal’s triangle?
It is named after the 17th-century French mathematician Blaise Pascal, but the triangular representation for the coefficients was devised by Chinese mathematician Jia Xian in the 11th century.
What is Pascal’s probability theory?
The problem, which concerns a game of chance with two players who have equal chances of winning each round, was one of the famous problems that motivated the beginnings of modern probability theory in the 17th century, and it led Blaise Pascal to the first explicit reasoning about what is now known as an expected value.
When was Pascal’s Triangle invented?
Blaise Pascal, a French mathematician and philosopher, described a triangular arrangement of numbers in 1653 that corresponded to the probabilities involved in coin flipping or the number of ways to choose ‘n’ objects from a group of’m’ indistinguishable objects. Pascal’s triangle has many applications in binomial expansions.
What did Pascal say about God?
Pascal (1623-1662), a French philosopher, scientist, mathematician, and probability theorist, argues that if we don’t know whether God exists, it’s better to be safe than sorry.
What does the name Pascal mean?
Paschal, Pasquale, Paskal, Pascoal, Pascale, Pascha, Paschalis, Pascual, Pascoe, and Pasco are all variations of the Christian given name Pascal, which means “one born on Easter day” or “born on Pentecost” (see below).
What was Blaise Pascal’s most important contribution to the future of computers and when was it introduced?
Blaise Pascal (1623-1662), a French mathematical genius, invented the Pascaline, a machine that could do addition and subtraction, at the age of 19 to assist his father, who was also a mathematician.
Who developed calculus independently at the same time as Newton?
In the late 17th century, Isaac Newton and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz independently developed the theory of infinitesimal calculus.