Why, in old books, are dates often given with the years redacted?
Years are sometimes redacted and replaced with a dash in older books, and several curse words (D–n) are also redacted in Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein. There is no definitive explanation, but several explanations seem to come up over and over again. Initials, blanks, or both were frequently substituted for proper names in nineteenth century fiction to enhance realism.
Why do authors use dashes in their writing?
Em dashes save the day when other punctuation would be awkward, such as at the end of a sentence or when multiple commas appear in a parenthetical phrase. Em dashes are also useful when you want to convey strong emotion or create a more casual tone in your writing.
Why are names censored in old books?
In a similar vein, it has been suggested that censorship took place so that the author could write freely, making things up, and the reader could use their imagination or pretend the story took place in their own country; censorship would also help writers who wanted to base their story on a true story.
How do you use dashes in a novel?
When a character’s dialogue (or, in some cases, thoughts) is cut off, you should use an em dash to indicate it; if action interrupts a complete sentence of dialogue, you use em dashes to set it off: “You said”–she wrenched open the car door–“that she would be safe!”
What is Hyphen dot?
(Entry 1 of 2) 1: consisting of or using an alphabet made up of dots and dashes as signals for communicating secret conversations using long and short muscular movements in the Morse dot-and-dash system. 2: consisting of or using an alphabet made up of dots and dashes as signals for communicating secret conversations using long and short muscular movements in the Morse dot-and-dash system.
What are () called in English?
They can also be used in mathematical expressions, such as 21 [23-3]=x. Parentheses ( () ) are curved notations that are used to contain additional thoughts or qualifying remarks; however, in most cases, parentheses can be replaced with commas without changing the meaning.
What does double dash mean in writing?
To interrupt a sentence, double dashes are used instead of commas (or parentheses). It is often said that we use dashes to signal that something important is being added to a sentence, while we use parentheses to signal that the interruption is relatively unimportant (for example, to give dates, citations, or examples).
Why are street names crossed out in crime and punishment?
The names of the streets were’masked’ for the Russian censor, but any St Petersburg resident would recognize them immediately, especially since Dostoevsky himself lived in u201cS.
How do you use an en dash in English?
When one of the elements in a compound adjective is an open compound (made up of two words with a space between them) or both elements contain hyphenated terms (especially when one of the terms is a capitalized proper noun), an en dash should be used for clarity.
Which dash is about half the length of an em dash?
En dashes. Despite its name, the en dash has more in common with the hyphen than the em dash; in fact, it’s easier to think of the en dash as a variant of the hyphen, because it’s half the length of the em.
How do I make an em dash?
To make an em dash, hold down Alt while typing 0151.
How do you type a dash instead of a dot?
Holding down the Alt key and typing 0183 on the numeric keypad will automatically insert a bullet.
How do you hyphenate a last name?
When it comes to deciding how your hyphenated last name should be written, there are no set rules or etiquette. You can go the “traditional” route and list your “maiden” name first, or you can choose to list your new last name first, followed by your original last name.
How do you say yes in Morse code?
How to Say “Yes” and “No” in Morse Code. Morse code is made up of only three elements: dots, dashes, and spaces, making it incredibly simple to communicate. All we have to do is replace every dot with the sound “di” and every dash with the sound “dah.”