Exposed: The Toxic Chemistry of Everyday Products and What’s at Stake for American Power: Schapiro, Mark: 9781603580588: Amazon.com: Books
The United States’ tendency to wait until a disaster occurs before taking action against businesses and their products keeps it tied to 1970s standards, while Europe and Japan have kept citizens relatively safe from what contributes to the deaths of “at least 5 million people a year.” Mark Schapiro examines the widening gap between American and EU chemical and environmental regulation.
What could lead to books to be damaged in the library?
Wet or moldy books. Books with food stains, oily or sticky residue. Books with missing pages or covers. Books with pencil, ink, or highlight marker markings.
What can damage books?
Cigarette smoke and ashes can settle deep into the pages, making it difficult to remove the odor. Book lice, silverfish, and several types of beetles can damage books and chew through pages. Books can also become victims of secondhand smoke. Cigarette smoke and ashes can settle deep into the pages, making it difficult to remove the odor.
What causes books to deteriorate?
Natural elements such as temperature and humidity extremes, light, airborne pollutants, mold, and pests deteriorate library materials in a gradual and cumulative manner that is always irreversible.
What counts as a damaged book?
If a book is returned to the library in a state that requires extensive repair OR is unable to be repaired and cannot be returned to circulation, it is considered “damaged.”
How can book damage be prevented?
According to a Museum, here’s how to keep your books in good shape.
- Avoid direct sunlight.
- Check the temperature.
- Think about air quality.
- Don’t pick up a book by the spine.
- Handle with gloves.
- Make a digital copy.
How do you repair a damaged book?
1: Place a piece of wax paper underneath the ripped page. 2: Paint the glue over the tear with your fine brush and a small amount of glue. 3: Place another piece of wax paper over the tear, and press the bone folder over the tear to ensure good contact and to remove any bubbles.
How do you get scratches out of a book cover?
Remove any visible markings with a soft cloth, or try gently rubbing the markings with an art gum eraser if a soft cloth does not work. Do not use abrasive cleansers, as they may cause the book jacket to disintegrate or the ink to smear.
How do you prevent materials from damage and deterioration?
- Keep food away from materials.
- Food attracts pests, and pests can damage any type of collection.
- Keep books away from animals.
- Pets can, and will, eat or otherwise damage collections.
- Wash your hands before handling materials.
Why are older books deteriorating?
While all light can cause permanent chemical changes to a book’s paper and binding, ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun are particularly harmful and can hasten the deterioration of antique books; this UV damage, also known as sunning, can occur even after the book has been moved out of direct sunlight.
What causes foxing on books?
Moulds feed on the paper itself, as well as any dirt or organic material on it, such as finger marks, food stains, and squashed insects. Moulds feed on the paper itself, as well as any dirt or organic material on it, such as finger marks, food stains, and squashed insects.
How fast do books decompose?
Cotton clothing and paperback books for six months.
What happens if you damage a library book?
Library patrons who lose or damage library materials, whether intentionally or accidentally, must pay for repair or replacement costs OR may choose to replace the lost or damaged material with an acceptable copy.
What do we usually say when something is broken or torn?
- Broken. adjective. a broken object has been damaged and is in two or more pieces.
- Battered. adjective. old and slightly damaged.
- Faulty. adjective. not working or made correctly.
- Fractured. adjective. broken, or cracked.
- Flawed. adjective.
How do you describe a condition in a book?
Good (G): Describes the average used worn book with all pages or leaves present. Any defects should be noted by the seller. Very Good (VG): Describes a book that shows some small signs of wear – but no tears – on either binding or paper. Any defects should be noted by the seller.