University press – Wikipedia
A university press is a nonprofit academic publishing house that specializes in monographs and scholarly journals; most are part of a large research university. As library budgets have been cut and online sales of used books have undercut the new book market, many presses are experimenting with electronic publishing.
The two largest university presses in the world are Cambridge University Press and Oxford University Press, which were founded in 1802 by William Hilliard of Cambridge, Massachusetts, who began publishing materials under the name “University Press.”
Cambridge University Press was founded in 1534, and its active publishing program began in 1584. Oxford University began publishing books the following year, in 1585, and Edinburgh University Press was especially well-known for publishing major books on Scottish history. In the 1950s and 1960s, the British university presses experienced significant growth.
India had a well-established system of universities by the time it gained independence in 1947, and several of the most prominent of them established a university press, with the main areas of activity being monographs by professors and research papers and theses. However, the basic problem faced by scholarly publishers in India is the use of multiple languages.
The first South African university press was founded in 1922 at Witwatersrand University, and there were four active publishing presses in South Africa as of 2015. European presses dominated the market, allowing new local presses like Ibadan University Press, now University Press Plc, to carve out niches.
The University of Melbourne was the first university in Australia to establish its own press, and several universities in New Zealand operate scholarly presses. Several have experimented with Open Access and/or electronic-only publishing, and some supplement their publishing income by offering distribution services or operating bookstores.
AUP in North America
The University of Chicago Press is the largest university press in the United States, with 14 presses established in the 1940s, 11 in the 1950s, and 19 in the 1960s. University presses tend to develop specialized areas of expertise such as regional studies.
Chicago Distribution Center
The University of Chicago Press’s warehousing, customer service, and related services are provided by the Distribution Services Division (CDC), which currently serves nearly 100 publishers, including Stanford University Press, University of Minnesota Press, and Northwestern University Press. In 2009, the CDC enabled the direct sale of electronic books to individuals.
Mounting financial pressures
Only a few presses, such as Oxford, Harvard, Princeton, and Yale, have endowments, and academic book sales have been declining, particularly as university libraries cut back on purchases, leading to the University of Missouri’s decision to close its press in May 2012.
In 1891, it was renamed Johns Hopkins Publishing Company after being known as the University Publication Agency.
The Association of University Presses (AUPresses.org) is the world’s largest publisher of academic books and journals.
Against the Grain 21.2 (2013): 33. From the University Presses–The Hidden Digital Revolution in Scholarly Publishing: POD, SRDP, the “Long Tail,” and Open Access.
The Oxford University Press: An Informal History (1978). Retrieved from “https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=University_press.” History of Cambridge University Press by Black, McKitterick, and Sutcliffe – Volume 3: New Worlds for Learning, 1873-1972 (2004), 513pp.
What is the point of a university press?
So, what is the point of a university press? It connects authors, readers, reviewers, skilled publishers, and the university, creating a community that extends far beyond the confines of the campus.
What is an academic press book?
Academic Press, founded in 1941, is an academic book publisher that publishes reference books, serials, and online products in the fields of communications engineering and economics.
What is the meaning of university press?
: a university-affiliated press dedicated to the publication of scholarly works.
What are the major university presses?
Publishers of Academic Books in the Top 5
- Oxford University Press (OUP)
- Princeton University Press
- Palgrave Macmillan
- Cambridge University Press
- Oxford University Press (OUP)
Do university presses pay advances?
A press will not offer an advance contract to authors of first books; instead, they will write a letter of support for/interest in the project. A press will not offer an advance contract to authors of first books; instead, they will only offer full contracts based on peer-reviewed manuscripts.
Which is the largest university press in the world?
Oxford University Press is the world’s largest university press, with three main markets: research, education, and English language teaching.
How do you tell if a book is an academic book?
To tell if a book is scholarly, look for the following:
- Content – scholarly books always have information cited in the text, in footnotes, and in a bibliography or references. Publisher – who is the publisher? Author – what are the author’s credentials?
What is an academic book called?
Scholarly books are intended for academic study and research, and are preferred when writing college-level papers. They are published by academic or university presses and disseminate research and academic discussion among professionals within disciplines.
What is the difference between a book and a monograph?
is a scholarly book or treatise on a single subject or a group of related subjects, usually written by one person, while a monograph is a collection of sheets of paper bound together to hinge at one edge, containing printed or written material, pictures, etc.
How do university presses make money?
Few university presses are able to make significant profits by publishing academic journals, which then fund their book publishing, and even fewer are able to publish academic journals that sell more than a few copies.
How do university presses work?
A university press is an academic publishing house that specializes in monographs and scholarly journals, and publishes work that has been peer reviewed by experts in the field. While they primarily publish academic works, they also frequently publish trade books for a lay audience, which are also peer reviewed.
Can a university be a publisher?
After all, university presses aren’t the only academic publishers; many others do as well. The difference is that university presses have their own “lists” of areas or disciplines in which they will publish, which are typically related to their parent university’s existing research strengths.
Are university presses peer reviewed?
Unlike traditional publishers, university presses send each book to scholars who are experts in the subject matter for approval before sending it to the printers. (I used to work at a university press.)
Is Routledge an academic press?
Today, Routledge is the world’s leading academic publisher in the Humanities and Social Sciences, having partnered with many of the world’s most prestigious societies and academic bodies to publish their journals and book series, and readers can choose from tens of thousands of print and electronic titles.
Do university presses publish fiction?
Although university presses primarily publish scholarly works, some also publish books for a wider audience, such as poetry, essays, memoirs, short story collections, and, in some cases, novels.