Charles Louis Montesquieu – Wikipedie
Charles Louis de Secondat, baron de La Bru00e8de et de Montesquieu (od 5. ledna 1728 – 10. ledna 1755 Pau0159u00edu017e) byl francouzsku00fd filosof a spisovatel. Proslavil se du00edlem O duchu zu00e1konu016f (De l’esprit des lois
Pozdu011bji se zamu017eil 18 ledna 1689 v La Bru00e9de poblu00edu017e Bordeaux v urozenu00e9 mu011bu0161u0165ansku00e9 rodinu011b.
Snau017eu00ed se sdu011blit, u017ee to, jak spoleu010dnost (v uru010ditu00e9 zemi) funguje, je uspou0159u00e1du00e1na.
Chru00e1m Gnidsku00fd (1724, Le Temple de Gnide), bu00e1seu0149, Pravdivu00e1 historie (1730, Histoire vu00e9ritable), romu00e1n. Persku00e9 listy (1721, Lettres persanes), ostru00e1 a u00fatou010dnu00e
Josef Kopal, O duchu zu00e1konu016f, Pru00e1vnicku00e9 knihkupectvu00ed a nakladatelstvu00ed. Stanislav Lyer, Persku00e9 listy, Dobru00e1 Voda 2003. Pu0159elou017eil Antonu00edn Jaroslav Puchmaj
Montesquieu, Voltaire, and Diderot: Jean-Jacques Rousseau and His Time. Karolinum, Praha, 2003. Ru00d6D, Wolfgang. Novovu011bku00e1 filosofie. II, From Newton to Rousseau. Pu0159eklad Jindu0159ich Karu00e1sek.
Nu00e1stupce: Jean-Baptiste Vivien de Chateaubrun. Pu0159edchu016fdce: Louis de Sacy 1726u20131755. Charles Louis Montesquieu na stru00e1nku00e1ch Francouzsku00e9 akademie.
What did Montesquieu write?
Montesquieu was best known for his work The Spirit of Laws (1748), which is considered one of the most important works in the history of political theory and jurisprudence.
What are Montesquieu’s books about?
Montesquieu argued in this treatise that political institutions must reflect the social and geographical aspects of the community in order to be successful, and he advocated for a constitutional system of government with separation of powers, the preservation of legality and civil liberties, and the abolition of slavery.
What were Montesquieu ideas?
Montesquieu argued that the main purpose of government is to maintain law and order, political liberty, and individual property, and that the English system is the best model of government. Montesquieu opposed his country’s absolute monarchy and favored the English system as the best model of government.
Did Montesquieu believe in equality?
Montesquieu was opposed to absolute monarchy and believed that a monarchy with limited powers is the most stable and secure form of government. People’s participation in government should be based on political virtue (moral goodness) and equality, according to Montesquieu.
What did Montesquieu contribute to society?
Montesquieu is best known for articulating the separation of powers theory, which is now enshrined in many constitutions around the world, and for doing more than any other author to cement the term “despotism” in the political lexicon.
Why Montesquieu is called Aristotle of 18th century?
Montesquieu follows Aristotle in stating that the law of society gives it a unique and distinct character, as Aristotle stated long ago, that the constitution determines the life and character of its people, and that when the constitution changes, the state changes.
How does Montesquieu affect us today?
Effects on Modern Society: Montesquieu’s writings and ideologies in The Spirit of the Laws had a significant impact on modern society, helping to establish the foundations for democratic institutions following the French Revolution, and can even be seen in the United States of America’s constitution.
What theory did Hobbes Locke and Rusa put forward?
Unlike Hobbes, Locke believed that human nature is characterized by reason and tolerance, and his political theory was based on social contract theory.
What are two interesting facts about Montesquieu?
He was a French political thinker who lived during the Enlightenment and is best known for his theory of government separation of powers, which is used in many constitutions around the world. He also popularized the terms “feudalism” and “Byzantine Empire.”
What did Montesquieu argue in the Persian letters?
Certain points made in the Persian Letters foreshadow what Montesquieu would later argue more forcefully: that men are born into a society and thus it is pointless to discuss the origins of society and government; that self-interest is not a sufficient basis for human institutions, as Hobbes had claimed; and that self-interest is not a sufficient basis for human institutions, as Hobbes had claimed.
How does Montesquieu describe the three branches of government?
According to Montesquieu, there are three types of government: monarchy (ruled by a king or queen), republic (ruled by an elected leader), and despotism (ruled by a dictator). “Without liberty, there can be no liberty.”
How did Montesquieu feel about equality?
He believed in the rule of law and justice; he despised all forms of extremism and fanaticism; he believed in the balance of power and the division of authority as a weapon against despotic rule by individuals, groups, or majorities; and he supported social equality, but only to the extent that it threatened individual liberty.
How did Montesquieu impact the government?
He conceived the idea of dividing government authority into three major branches: executive, legislative, and judicial, and this viewpoint influenced the authors of the Constitution in establishing laws and dividing responsibilities, as well as in including provisions to protect individual liberties.
Did Montesquieu believe in women’s rights?
He believed that women were weaker than men and that they had to obey their husband’s commands, but he also believed that women had the ability to govern. Montesquieu believed that women were too weak to be in charge at home, but that they possessed qualities that could help them make decisions in government.